Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Designated place (DPL)
Usually a small community that does not meet the criteria used to define municipalities or population centres (areas with a population of at least 1,000 and a density of 400 persons per square kilometre). Designated places are created by provinces and territories, in cooperation with Statistics Canada, to provide data for submunicipal areas.
2016, 2011, 2006, 2001, 1996
The criteria that small communities or settlements must meet in order to become a designated place (DPL) include:
- an area less than or equal to 10 square kilometres
- a boundary that respects the block structure from the previous census, where possible.
In cooperation with the provinces and territories, DPLs are updated, added or deleted once every five years in accordance with the criteria that define them.
The areas recognized as DPLs may not represent all places having the same status within a province or territory.
Two new DPL types were added for 2016: Northern settlement (NS) in Saskatchewan, and Retired population centres (RPC) in all provinces or territories, where applicable.
The 2011 population centres which no longer meet the criteria to be included in the 2016 population centre program are considered for inclusion in the designated place program for 2016. Those retired population centres that qualify to be part of the DPL program are assigned the retired population centre (RPC) DPL type. Due to the rebasing of population centres for 2016, a total of 38 RPC-type DPLs were added.
New for 2016, designated places and population centre overlap is permitted.
Table 1.1 shows the number of designated places by province and territory.
Table 1.6 shows the types of designated places, their abbreviated forms and their distribution by province and territory.
Designated place types by province and territory, 2016 Census
|Designated place type||Province/territoryTable 1. Note 1|
|CFA Class IV area||Nova Scotia|
|DMU Dissolved municipality||Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta|
|DPL Designated place||Newfoundland and Labrador|
|IRI Indian reserve / Réserve indienne||British Columbia|
|IST Island trust||British Columbia|
|LNC Localité non constituée||Quebec|
|LSB Local service board||Ontario|
|LSD Local service district/ District de services locaux||New Brunswick|
|LUD Local urban district||Manitoba|
|MDI Municipalité dissoute||Quebec|
|MDP Municipal defined places||Ontario|
|MET Métis settlement||Alberta|
|NCM Northern community||Manitoba|
|NVL Nisga'a village||British Columbia|
|NS Northern settlement||Saskatchewan|
|OHM Organized hamlet||Saskatchewan|
|RPC Retired population centre/ Centre de population retiré||Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Saskatchewan, British Columbia|
|SE Aboriginal settlement||Yukon|
|UNP Unincorporated place||Alberta, British Columbia|
|UUC Unincorporated urban centre||Manitoba|
Each designated place is assigned a four-digit code. In order to uniquely identify each DPL in Canada, the two-digit province/territory (PR) code must precede the DPL code. For example:
|PR code||DPL code||DPL name|
|35||0085||McGregor Bay part B (Ont.)|
Refer to the related definitions of census subdivision (CSD) and population centre (POPCTR).
Changes prior to the current census
For 2011, the term 'population centre' replaced the term 'urban area.'
Although designated places (DPLs) were not intended to overlap population centre (POPCTR) boundaries in 2011, there were some exceptions. For example,
- the DPL of Cowichan 1 (DPL 59 0321) in British Columbia overlapped the POPCTR of Duncan (POPCTR 0243). In an effort to minimize data suppression for this area, this DPL still represents a formerly discontiguous Aboriginal community which had been combined to form a single discontiguous census subdivision (CSD).
Prior to the 2016 Census, a retired population centre may have been eligible to become a DPL, however, they were assigned a DPL type that was valid within the affected province or territory since the DPL type retired population centre (RPC) did not exist.
In 2011, designated places were no longer required to respect census subdivision boundaries.
In 2006, the criteria that small communities were required to respect in order to become a DPL included:
- a minimum population of 100 and a maximum population of 1,000. The maximum population limit may have been exceeded provided that the population density was less than 400 persons per square kilometre, which was the population density that defined an urban area
- a population density of 150 persons or more per square kilometre
- an area less than or equal to 10 square kilometres
- a boundary that respected the block structure from the previous census, where possible
- a boundary that respected census subdivision (CSD) limits.
The final two criteria were new for 2006, the last of which was established to eliminate the need to maintain DPL parts. To ensure that DPLs created in 2001 or earlier respected 2006 CSD boundaries, DPLs straddling CSD boundaries were split to create independent DPLs. To maintain historical comparability and ease the transition into this new criteria, each new independent DPL kept its existing name, with 'part' added to it, such as part A, part B, and was assigned its own unique code.
In 2001 and earlier, designated places were not required to respect census subdivision (CSD) boundaries. As a result, a number of DPLs straddled two or more CSDs. To identify these DPLs and the CSDs that they straddled, the seven-digit SGC code (PR-CD-CSD) had to precede the DPL code. The DPL part flag identified the number of parts the DPL was divided into as a result of straddling CSDs.
In 1996, Statistics Canada introduced the concept of designated places as a new geographic area for data dissemination to respond to the increasing demand for population counts and census data according to 'submunicipal' or unincorporated areas. The concept generally applied to small communities for which there may have been some level of legislation, but they fell below the criteria established for municipal status.
Between 1981 and 1991, Statistics Canada had facilitated the retrieval of census data by delineating these submunicipal areas at the enumeration area level only. The number of areas delineated expanded from fewer than 50 northern communities in Manitoba in 1981, to more than 800 areas across Canada by 1996.